What’s stress ?
Stress is when your brain and body are knocked out of balance.
Stress is a feeling of physical or emotional tension. It can come from any situation or thought that makes you feel frustrated, angry, or nervous.
The problem arises when stress is a response to situations of conflict, grief, traumatic accidents, disappointment, loss of employment and a long list of negative situations.
Understand the difference between each type will help you to know what’s your stress type and the symptoms related.
What are the causes of the stress?
Stress is a psychophysical response that the body puts in place in response to tasks that are assessed by the individual as excessive. This means that a stressful event for some may not be stressful for others and that the same event at different stages of life may be more or less stressful. However, it is useful to identify some factors that are typically stressful for most people.
Many of the major events in life can be stressful, whether they are pleasant events such as marriage, the birth of a child or a new job, or unpleasant events such as the death of a loved one, separation or retirement.
Alongside these events we can identify some physical factors as frequent sources of stress: intense cold or heat, alcohol abuse or smoking, but also serious limitations in movement. There are also environmental factors that expose us to the risk of stress, such as homelessness, noisy environments and high levels of pollution.
Finally, let us remember organic diseases and extraordinary events such as cataclysms.
Stress type 1: Acute stress
Acute stress is the most frequent type of stress. Acute stress is produced mainly as a reaction to the demand or constant pressure.
Acute stress has a short duration and is easily manageable and treatable. It manifests itself with fatigue and tension symptoms, over-excitement, cold hands and feet, depressive feelings or slight anxiety.
Stress type 2:Acute episodic stress
Acute episodic stress refers to people who suffer acute stress situations repeatedly and who seem to end up trapped in a spiral of excessive responsibility. People who suffer from this acute episodic stress seem to fall themselves into a chaotic life, sabotaging themselves by self-imposed pressure and immersed in a continuous crisis.
They are people who tend to be sour, irritable, very nervous and in a constant state of anxiety. Also, they often blame other people for all their problems.
Another form of this type of stress is the constant pessimism that turns into the negativity that applies to everything, always expecting the worst to happen. In some case, the symptoms of this acute episodic stress are more serious.
The symptoms may vary between migraines and tension pains, high blood pressure, pressure in the chest and propensity to suffer from heart disease. Their treatment involves psychological therapy that can last for months, as they are resistant to change.
Stress type 3 Chronic stress
Chronic stress is exhausting stress that produces continuous physical and emotional wear to the person who suffers it. Situations of poverty, dysfunctional families, having a job that is despised are some of the situations that can generate it. You never see the way out and stop looking for solutions.
Sometimes it’s essential to look and understand the traumatic events that happened in the childhood who create and develop the personality that suffers from this chronic stress.
Sometimes this type of stress induces the idea of suicide and can be at the origin of a heart attack or other systemic diseases, such as stroke. Symptoms that are more severe than the above may require pharmacological treatment in addition to psychological therapy.
Chronic stress kills through suicide, violence, heart attack, stroke and even cancer. People wear themselves out to a final and fatal nervous breakdown. Because physical and mental energy consumed by long-term burnout, the symptoms of chronic stress are difficult to treat and may require medical and behavioural treatment and stress management.
Stress is a natural psychophysical response and can have the beneficial function of activating resources and guiding us to solve problems. However, in our daily life there are many sources of stress and an excessive activation for intensity and prolonged over time can compromise our well-being.
Learning to recognize stress is important, as well as learning some strategies that allow us to take a step back and not be overwhelmed by what is happening, for example by practicing mindfulness. When stress is very strong, it can lead to the development of diseases such as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.